For these of us developing cannabis outdoors, we get to reap the added benefits of gardening in the organic globe. We skip the artificial light, ubiquitous chemical substances, and noisy inline fans, and as an alternative use sunlight, living soil, and gentle breezes to nurture our plants to maturity.
Of course, the excellent outdoors has its downsides also, like unpredictable climate, pests, and nosy neighbors. Following these suggestions will enable make sure a smooth outside harvesting procedure, just as Mother Nature intended it to be.
Know When to Pull Your Harvest
All cannabis, no matter the selection, is a warm-season annual, which means it grows and matures in one particular season. How extended of a season a selection demands depends on exactly where its ancestors evolved.
These from regions close to the equator—sativa types—need a extended, seemingly endless summer time to ripen totally. Even though these from harsh, colder climates—indica types—tend to finish earlier considering the fact that, properly, winter is coming.
Possessing mentioned that, rampant hybridization signifies almost any selection you have got developing in your yard has a mix of each indica and sativa in its DNA. Anticipate them to ripen sometime amongst September and October in the northern hemisphere.
Hold a cautious eye on pistils—the hairs that stick out from the flowers. When half of them are nonetheless upright and the other are half darkened and curled, your crop is prepared for harvest.
Thoughts the Climate
With cannabis ripening as the seasons transform from summer time to fall, possibilities are higher that the climate is going via some adjustments. Based on your climate, there may be cold snaps or rainstorms on the horizon.
Does this spell disaster? No way. But it does demand paying focus and possibly creating game-time choices on the appropriate time to chop, usually balancing peak ripeness with situations that could compromise your harvest.
Most cannabis plants can sail via a light freeze (28 to 32°F for up to 3 hours) with no problems. A difficult freeze, on the other hand—any reduced temps or longer hours—will most most likely spell disaster. Frost harm causes ice crystals to type inside plant tissue, damaging their cells.
Leaves seem wilted just before turning dark and crispy. The deeper the frost, the much more of the plant that will get broken.
Note that potted plants knowledge much more extreme temperature fluctuations than plants in the ground, creating them much more susceptible to frost harm.
If there’s some indica buried in a plant’s genetics, purple coloring may come to be a great deal much more pronounced as soon as it gets some cold beneath its belt. And once again, for the reason that of hybridization, do not be concerned if you feel you have got a sativa in your garden—it can most likely manage a short cold snap with no issue.
Equivalent to a cold snap, it is not the rain itself that is a big issue, it is the duration and severity of the storm. If it is going to warm up and dry out swiftly, you can really feel totally confident in leaving not-rather-ripe cannabis to climate the storm. If the rain will be there to remain, issues with mold await. Reduce your losses and harvest just before points get soggy.
Note that in cold or rain—especially rain that may come to be hail—you can produce a buffer by surrounding your plants with a couple of tall stakes and draping burlap or a tarp more than the major. Just be specific to get rid of the cover when the cold/rain passes to let the plants warm up and get the sun and air they will need.
Pick out Your Harvest Pacing
With artificial light and complex pruning practices, most indoor weed ripens all at as soon as. There can be a tiny much more variation in plants grown outdoors, with outer, exposed colas ripening very first, and interior, much more shaded buds ripening a couple of days later.
Frequently speaking, you are fine harvesting all at as soon as. But you also have the alternative of dividing the operate, harvesting ripe ones very first and leaving inner ones to soak up the sun and ripen totally for a tiny longer.
Get Your Systems in Location
You have hopefully set up a drying room—you know, the cool dark space with a temperature that stays amongst 60-70°F, and humidity that remains amongst 50-65%.
But not so fast—how are you finding there? Use fresh tarps or rinsed out (and dried!) bins to retain your harvest clean on its path from outdoors to inside. Have various tarps or bins for each and every selection, and make positive each and every is labeled. Also make specific you are prepared for trimming with clean bypass pruners.
Make a go of it when temperatures are cool, like very first factor in the morning or appropriate just before the sun sets. Intense light and higher heat degrades THC.
Freshly reduce branches give an simple chance for a close-up inspection. Immediately after chopping, hold each and every branch up to the light and give it a as soon as-more than. If you see something fishy—deadened, brown, or grey places of flower or leaves—cut them out totally and clean your shears with rubbing alcohol just before creating any other cuts. Any issues with fungus or mold can spread rampantly in the drying area.